Physiology and Anatomy

The Latin root physio- generally means “physical”, so human physiology deals with just about everything that keeps us alive and working, and other physiology specialties do the same for other animals and for plants. To do anything serious in the field of health, you’ve obviously got to know how the body’s organs and cells function normally. Physiology used to be considered separately from anatomy, which focuses on the body’s structures; however, it’s now known that structure and function can’t easily be separated in a scientific way, so “anatomy and physiology” are often spoken of in the same breath.

Physiology is the study of how the human body works. It describes the chemistry and physics behind basic body functions, from how molecules behave in cells to how systems of organs work together. It helps us understand what happens in a healthy body in everyday life and what goes wrong when someone gets sick. The branch of biology dealing with the functions and vital processes of living organisms or their parts and organs.

Human anatomy is the study of the structures of the human body. … The word “anatomy” comes from the Greek words “ana,” meaning “up,” and “tome,” meaning “a cutting.” Anatomy refers to the internal and external structures of the body and their physical relationships, whereas physiology refers to the study of the functions of those structures.Anatomy is the study of the inside of the body and outside the body. Anatomy notes the position and structure of organs such as muscles, glands and bones.

Anatomy of Spinal Cord

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